Ntikrst wrote:I wouldn't say that's an accurate interpretation.
well, if the "summer" chinese contribute just as much as the "winter" chinese to scientific/technological development in china, then that would put a damper on your whole winter/summer thing, wouldn't it? so what percentage of chinese scientific/engineering knowledge would you say the "winter" chinese of the north contribute? surely it has got to be over 50%. i mean, they survived harsher winters after all. maybe 75% is a nice number to distinguish the superiority of the "winter" chinese yet not completely discount the "summer" chinese?
Ntikrst wrote:The fact is, Winter makes forges practical. Things like that lead to better metallurgy and engineering. People have to work together because it's easy to die from exposure for weeks on end and there's not much to eat so agriculture and storage have to be more efficient. It's a type of incentive Equatorial cultures never had and that's why they have been playing catch up after the industrial revolution.
you make it sound as if winter were the only hardship faced by a people that could bring them together. since we're discussing china, the unifying hardship the chinese people face is not winter, but rather the fear of not having enough food for the population all across china, regardless of the severity of winter in each region. there are too many chinese on too little arable land and that's what drove agricultural/engineering developments as well as political ones. in chinese history, the ability of a ruler to feed the people was what makes and breaks emperors. the chinese people have been willing to accept autocratic rule for this reason, so long as the ruler gets things done. the chinese have been willing to accept new emperors who don't share the same bloodline as the old one for this reason, so long as the new emperor gets things done. even today, the chinese communist party could be "communist" in name only and the chinese people would not care, so long as the party gets things done.